Differentiating the Players in the Online Education Marketplace
Today we see for-credit and non-credit courses offered by for-profit accredited institutions, non-profit accredited institutions and non-accredited businesses; innovative learning experiences developed by community colleges, public and private universities and top-tier research institutions; businessmen as academics and academics as businessmen. Educational opportunities that are open and free, free but not open, massive and customized, self-paced, instructor facilitated or peer led. Measurement of student achievement is expanding from certifications and the credit-hour standard to defined learning outcomes and competency-based evaluation. Educational content is increasingly accessible on a global scale and customizable by and for the individual learner. Vendors in this market have many different stakeholders to serve and need to remain nimble to keep pace with, and perhaps help lead, the innovations rapidly occurring in teaching and learning.
All of this is not terribly surprising if you view the field of online learning from a business perspective. No longer in its infancy, online learning presents a strong growth market with plenty of room for new entrants and well as opportunities for existing vendors in the education space to reinvent themselves — a matter of survival for some. Digital and online technology has brought disruptive change to the vendor community as much as, or more than, for education providers. There are many needs to be filled, from new apps to marketing of entire programs. Almost all online education providers will look to the vendor community for technology platforms such as learning management systems. We understand the business logic in outsourcing such infrastructure. More surprisingly, we are even seeing services provided that have long been the purview of academic institutions, such as institutional management and curriculum planning and faculty development. At the risk of oversimplification, online education providers (as clients in the market) can be placed into two categories:
- Those just entering, who need to catch up in a rapid deployment of online offerings; or
- Experienced institutions with mature online programs looking to continue growing while rationalizing their ongoing investments.
The former are looking for vendors that can provide comprehensive services and manpower to develop courses, train instructors, market programs, manage enrollments and provide technical and student support. For these institutions, outsourcing may be the only way to enter the market at speed and scale, and there are vendors who are very effective at providing these services.
In the other category, the institutions with mature online offerings may be interested in tools and services that make them more effective and efficient in providing and growing their programs. The focus here is on increasing quality and decreasing costs by adopting new tools and strategically outsourcing limited functions that are not (yet) the core competency of the institution. Depending on their internal capacity, they look to outsource specific services such as tutoring, proctoring, student relationship management, student authentication or student assessment.
If categorizing the needs of online education providers is challenging, it’s even more problematic to categorize vendors. Of the great variety of approaches to serving a new and fast-growing market, two are notable. Some vendors follow the pain principle: understand the pain points of client institutions and create products and services to relieve it. This can quickly lead to expanded customer markets and product lines. Others are trying to position their organizations as thought leaders in the field and partner with educational institutions to develop the innovations of tomorrow.
Everyone, however, is interested in tools and apps, which explains their proliferation. Instructional designers at both vendor and client institutions are looking for tools that help them more efficiently design courses or otherwise support specific learning objectives and create high-quality learning experiences. Free and for-purchase, the array of tools is already bountiful and increasing at dizzying speed. Yes, indeed, there is an app for that; if not today, then most certainly tomorrow. The challenge now lies in helping consumers effectively and efficiently navigate this marketplace for tools and services. We still have much work to do.
Author Perspective: Association