Going Private: Why Public Institutions Are Considering Crossing Over (Part 2)
Today, I have the distinction of leading one of the few institutions to have successfully made the transition from public to private. While never tax-supported, Regents College (Excelsior’s prior name) existed as a “non-appropriated fund activity” within the New York Department of Education. It was created by grant funding from the Carnegie and Ford foundations in 1971 and, unlike Empire State, which was launched at the same time, Regents was placed under the direct control of the State’s Board of Regents (Empire State, on the other hand, was and is administered by the SUNY System).
Thanks to public criticism of an apparent conflict of interest (in that the Regents both oversaw all of New York education and simultaneously operated an institution in their own name), my predecessor was able to negotiate a separation from the Regents and the Department of Education. The college was issued an independent charter as a private not-for-profit in 1998 with the stipulation that its name would be changed by 2001 (there was to be no future confusion as to its independent status).
At the time of its divorce from the Regents, the college had enrollment of just over 12,000 part-time students and revenues of $16 million. Today, those numbers are nearing 40,000 in head count, and $90 million in revenue.
While still subject to the general oversight of the Regents and the Department of Education, as are all New York schools, colleges and universities, Excelsior now has the ability to set and change its tuition and fee structure, serve students anywhere in the State, or around the world, and engage in enrollment and business development activities without second-guessing or prior approval by external bodies, regardless of what others may be doing.
In addition to greater freedom of decision-making, the college is also able to respond quickly to such needs as the growing demand for educated cyber-security professionals, nuclear technicians and next-generation public sector employees. It is also able to hire and compensate talent—faculty and staff—in ways not possible as a public institution.
Finally, as we face growing concern around the cost of degree completion and higher education generally, we have found that we can contain costs and increase service levels when we have predictable control over expenses, sources of revenue and use of reserves. As a result, Excelsior has kept its average annual per-student revenue (total revenue divided by number of students served) under $2,200 per year (See IPEDS data for 2013), while adding to reserves.
Critics will argue that in making the leap from public to private, an institution is no longer as accountable as when overseen by the state. Yet, close examination does not support such a view. While UMUC may be meeting a higher level of accountability in its current status, its future is being endangered by bureaucracy. Who is served if the end result is an inability to compete? And why is there an assumption that public universities, receiving less and less public support, require more oversight, regulation and control?
As we see in other sectors of our society—with freedom comes prosperity. By this, I do not mean freedom from all regulation or oversight. No one familiar with New York’s regulatory environment would ever suggest that it is laissez-faire. Nonetheless, its private colleges and universities (not its overly-regulated public ones) are among the best in the world. It is possible to have a greater level of autonomy and an expectation of institutional responsibility and accountability. The time has come, however, when we need to re-balance the scale.
Author Perspective: Administrator