Three Strategies to Improve Online CoursesDi Xu | Assistant Professor in the School of Education, UC Irvine
Online coursework has increasingly become an important alternative to students in higher education; yet, our recent research suggests community college students (particularly males, ethnic minority students and those with lower prior GPAs) perform more poorly in online courses than they do in face-to-face courses.
What might be some potential strategies to help these underperforming groups succeed in online courses?
1. Better Development of Online Learning Skills
First, the typical online course may require a set of skills in addition to those required in traditional face-to-face classrooms, such as technological skills, self-directed learning and time management. These may represent a strong challenge to many students, particularly those with poorer academic preparation. Therefore, colleges may need to provide more active support to students to help them understand the types of skills required for successful online learning, and to explicitly help them develop those skills.
2. Stronger Connection between Students and Instructors
In addition, research indicates that connecting with a faculty or staff member who encourages the student and shows interest in his or her learning can make a big difference in these students’ confidence, motivation and performance in class. Yet, students often experience low levels of interpersonal interaction with their instructor in online courses. Thus, colleges may need to provide more support for online faculty, to help them learn how to guide, support and connect with students in the online context. For example, in a recent study, we found that online instructors who posted frequently, invited student questions through a variety of modalities, responded to student queries quickly, solicited and incorporated student feedback and (perhaps most importantly) demonstrated a sense of “caring” created an online environment that encouraged students to commit themselves to the course and perform at a stronger academic level.
3. Greater Attention Paid to Creation of High-Quality Online Programming
Finally, it is worth noting that specific course design features and pedagogy that have substantial impacts on successful online learning remain largely unknown. While many online learning quality rubrics exist, there is little empirical evidence thus far establishing a clear link between specific aspects of course quality and concrete student-level course outcomes. Accordingly, it might be beneficial for colleges to observe high-quality online courses (i.e., those with consistently strong learning outcomes, even among high-risk populations), identify the types of strategies leveraged in those courses and explore how to systematically share those strategies with other online faculty to encourage stronger student learning and performance outcomes across the entire online learning environment.
Author Perspective: Educator