MOOCs and Megatrends: A Prediction Comes TrueCarol Engler | Associate Professor, Ashland University
In his 1982 blockbuster book “Megatrends,” John Naisbitt predicted that California would become one of the bellwether states for major trends in the future of the United States.
He was right.
California has emerged as the state that has turned higher education on its ear. The development of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) has created what Stanford University President John Hennessy called a “tsunami” in education.
“I can’t tell you exactly how it’s going to break, but my goal is to try to surf it, not to just stand there,” he said to the Wall Street Journal in a panel discussion on the changing economics of education.
In February 2012, I attended Ashoka Foundation’s Disruption in Higher Education conference at Arizona State University. During a break-out session, I sat with a Stanford University administrator who said to me, “Stanford is reeling. One of our professors just built a platform that attracted 160,000 students in his class.”
That professor turned out to be Sebastian Thrun, one of the founders of Udacity.
My Stanford acquaintance continued, “I want you to watch two other professors who are developing something very similar.”
And that is where I first learned of the soon-to-be-launched Coursera, founded by Stanford professors Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller.
A little more than a year later, the impact of Udacity and Coursera has rocked the world of higher education to the core. Joined by the Harvard/MIT spinoff, edX, these three powerhouses in the new frontier of MOOCs have upended higher learning like nothing that came before it ever could. The reason: the scale of these online platforms dwarfs anything previously seen in education.
To date, Coursera alone has partnered with 62 universities worldwide to reach more than 3 million students.
And in the words of the great 20th-century philosopher Jimmy Durante, “You ain’t seen nuthin’ yet!”
California Dreamin’ and Then Some
While many faculties look on the MOOC phenomenon as a threat to the tenure system — watering down the traditional bricks-and-mortar college experience — and despite the common belief that online education is ‘not as good’ as face-to-face instruction, MOOCs are getting the attention of state governments.
In California, higher education’s funding and service situation has reached crisis levels. Because of state budget cuts, thousands of students are unable to get seat time in required classes. Governor Jerry Brown, a huge supporter of online education as a means of reducing college costs, has compared the University of California to the U.S. Postal Service, both of which are being transformed by digital change.
A proposed solution has emerged that could very well make California the “Megatrends” state of the 21st century as well.
California Senate Bill 520 proposes that state public universities be required to issue credit for completion of courses that are not their own, if students were forced to find courses out-of-house due to capacity issues. Under this legislation, students who cannot get a seat in a required class may seek that course through a third-party provider, such as MOOCs or other low-price online courses offered by various higher education vendors.
This bill has sparked much debate. However, the bottom line is this: in a little more than a year, MOOCs have caught the attention of mainstream power brokers.
We are not talking about a flash in the pan.
New York Steps Up
In New York, The State University of New York’s Board of Trustees has introduced a vision for the SUNY system that will help students finish college in less time and at a significantly lower cost. That vision includes online third-party providers, including MOOCs.
Ultimately, the system would like to add 100,000 enrollments within three years. The system will be heavily encouraging its top faculty members to build MOOCs. In other words, individuals who could very well become superstar professors are being asked to bring their classroom to, potentially, the world.
Megatrends and More: Professors as Rock Stars of the 21st Century
Third-party providers may indeed be the wave of the future in higher education. And that could send the ‘sage on the stage’ professor into a tailspin. If students want a better learning experience, they can possibly get it through professors at a variety of digital entities … not the ivy-covered walls of their residential colleges.
Thomas Friedman, author of “The World Is Flat,” declares that, while there is value to the traditional college setting, the question remains: “How can colleges charge $50,000 a year if my kid can learn it all free from massive open online courses?”
Friedman cites an entry-level accounting class offered by the Harvard Business School that is not taught at Harvard University. The professor is at Brigham Young University and Harvard students take it. Why? Because they think the course is excellent.
As Friedman states, “When outstanding becomes so easily available, average is over.”
– – – – References
Naisbitt, J. (1982). Megatrends: Ten New Directions Transforming Our Lives. New York: Warner Books, Inc.
The tsunami online: Can e-learning revolutionize higher education? Pal Alto Online, October 25,2012. http://www.paloaltoonline.com/weekly/story.php?story_id=17835
Online education gets legit: California bill would give college credit. http://venturebeat.com/2013/03/13/online-education-gets-legit-california-bill-would-give-college-credit/
Encouraging credit for MOOCs. The EvoLLLution, http://www.evolllution.com/friday-links/encouraging-credit-moocs/
SUNY signals major push toward MOOCs and Other New Educational Models
The professors’ big stage http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/06/opinion/friedman-the-professors-big-stage.html?_r=0
Author Perspective: Educator