We Don’t Need No Stinking Badges… Or Do We?Edward Abeyta | Assistant Dean for Community Engagement, UC San Diego
Never have there been so many options available to acquire knowledge at various life stages, nor have there been so many ways to acknowledge the various levels of our learning experiences. Despite this, our existing industrialized education continues to provide a traditional approach to credentialing. Students ride a conveyer belt in which they take a series of classes, obtain grades, and when a number of courses or units are accumulated, they get a stamp of endorsement called a certificate or diploma.
The question is whether a certificate or diploma is relevant to today’s workforce. Do they capture the number of skills acquired that can be showcased to potential employers and educational institutions? The value of students receiving certificates or diplomas is not detailed enough as we enter the micro-credential era. A series of micro-credentials acknowledges an individual’s completion of work, whether it is a noncredit course, a seminar, or other professional learning and skill building.
UC San Diego workforce research analyst Dr. Josh Shapiro notes, “Degrees and certificates often do a poor job of communicating detailed information about graduates. Micro-credentials and badges, however, indicate specific knowledge and skills—impacting skill sets that industry is seeking in new hires.”
Our educational system is entering a new era in which industry needs competency verification in key areas beyond what a transcript or diploma is able to convey. We are living in a time when people need to possess a list of competencies that can be added to over time with a verifiable rubric to measure skill mastery, recognized and endorsed by industry and connected to our emerging online social media outlets like LinkedIn.
“Badges without taxonomies, without some shared understanding, without rubrics, are meaningless,” notes Matthew Pittinsky, an assistant research professor in the school of social and family dynamics at Arizona State University and founder of Parchment, a credentials-management company.
The notion of a student obtaining one large qualification rather than offer an array of micro-credentials (badges) is a thing of the past. From an employer’s point of view, the value of hiring a person with numerous mini-qualifications and a diploma provides a higher confidence in their investment as opposed to the risk involved in hiring a “blue chip” student from a brand name university.
At the present time, digital badging isn’t as widespread or as organized nationally as it needs to be to allow most postsecondary institutions to accept it as a formal part of admittance assessments and industry hiring process. This needs to be expanded quickly, so that digital badges can be listed as academic accomplishments under existing fields in the college application. It is my opinion that smaller postsecondary institutions will be able to implement badges as formal criteria for assessment, with larger colleges and universities soon to be following behind them.
UCSD Extension K-16 Programs have begun to implement a micro-credentialing program targeting students enrolled in our pre-collegiate programs. Our strategy seeks to refine the operational process involved in offering badges but also elevate these credentials from an informal acknowledgement to a professionally recognized measure of skills.
To accomplish this goal, we have outlined the following framework to ensure the micro-credentials meet the highest standards of oversight endorsed by our stakeholders within schools, districts and industry:
- Documented on a transcript: Each micro-credential will be documented on a UC San Diego Extension transcript to ensure the documentation is formally recorded.
- One skill at a time: Each micro-credential will focus on one competency and skill tied to a single rubric.
- Evidence to demonstrate skills: Students must demonstrate their competence by demonstrating and providing multiple examples of their work.
- Assessment and review: Each micro-credential will be reviewed, evaluated and endorsed by an advisory panel to ensure it is a reliable articulation of a specific skill.
- Connected to social media platforms: Each micro-credential will enable students to post their credentials to social media platforms to showcase their competencies as part of their online portfolio.
This effort recognizes the evolution of online credentialing is evolving rapidly, and this frame seeks to be flexible to adapt with emerging changes in technology. However, the core of our framework will continue to focus on adhering to a rigorous oversight process to ensure the value and integrity of each micro-credential maintains the highest standards our academic, industry and peer stakeholders would expect. By taking this approach, we’re creating new avenues for access into the institution for a much wider range of students, we’re providing greater value to our graduates and we’re strengthening our reputation among local businesses and other major stakeholders. This is a model for a more open, more flexible higher education system that bootcamps are proving is in demand.
We share the same approach as Jamie P. Merisotis, president of the Lumina Foundation, who notes, “[We have] a highly fragmented landscape with no system in place to assure the quality of those credentials. We hope to increase the proportion of Americans who have earned ‘high-quality’ degrees, certificates, and other credentials to 60 percent over the next decade, but it needs to know which ones to count.”
Author Perspective: Administrator