Learning In A Lesser Developed Nation: Some Motivational ConsiderationsEarl Harewood | Lecturer, Heriot-Watt University/School of Higher Education
Sometimes the things that may motivate one person may have absolutely no motivational value to another. I think the things that tend to motivate citizens of more developed nations, many time, are beyond the basic necessities required to live.
The average citizen can access a wealth of information, opportunities, functional infrastructure, goods and services, access to power, education, military, law enforcement, stable governance/ democratic political system, safety, career choices, clean drinking water among many other things that are sometimes taken for granted. Members of developed nations have choices and can exercise these as a normal course of everyday activities. Their ability to aspire for something greater is not marred by trying to address fundamental survival needs. Therefore, there are more avenues to address motivational needs, which may include learning.
Unlike members of more developed nations, many citizens living in a lesser developed nations sometimes lack the fundamental ingredients just to live. As Maslow’s hierarchy of needs outlined, it is difficult for someone to aspire for a higher level need unless the lower level need is first fulfilled.
Given this, motivating members in some lesser developed nations to learn may require more than just an educational intervention. Instead, interventions may need to include those elements that address physical needs, safety, like food, clothing, clean air, and shelter as well as addressing safety and family concerns before learners might be motivated to engage in any kind of learning that indirectly affects their day-to-day living. Inclusive interventions like these can propelled learners toward learning as they feel good about themselves and their abilities and may be more willing to engage in learning activities.
Persistently meeting the four levels of needs may lead to empowerment and eventually self-actualization.
Author Perspective: Educator